Untangling the coopetitive paradoxon: A comprehensive review of coopetition literature

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Lehrstuhl für Wirtschaftswissenschaften für Ingenieure und Naturwissenschaftler
Bachelor; Master


Inter-firm coopetition refers to the simultaneous occurence of cooperation and competition in an inter-firm alliance. Having been often called a paradox, coopetition has been driving researchers' agendas for decades. This phenomenon draws on several established theories; recent efforts have been focusing on advancing a coopetition framework / unified theory.

This thesis consists of a structured literature review comprising:
- Theoretical foundation of coopetition and current status of framework/ unified theory development
- Different approaches and measures for coopetitive alliances
- Antecedents of coopetition

Gnyawali, D. R., & Ryan Charleton, T. (2018). Nuances in the interplay of competition and cooperation: Towards a theory of coopetition. Journal of Management, 44(7), 2511-2534.
Bengtsson, M., & Kock, S. (2014). Coopetition—Quo vadis? Past accomplishments and future challenges. Industrial marketing management, 43(2), 180-188.
Hoffmann, W., Lavie, D., Reuer, J. J., & Shipilov, A. (2018). The interplay of competition and cooperation. Strategic Management Journal, 39(12), 3033-3052.
Czakon, W., Klimas, P., & Mariani, M. (2020). Behavioral antecedents of coopetition: A synthesis and measurement scale. Long Range Planning, 53(1), 101875.

Keywords: Coopetition, cooperation, competition, intensity, balance, alliance, strategic alliance