Prof. Dr.

Wim Naudé

Affiliated Professors - Visiting Professor

Prof. Dr. Wim Naudé
Technology and Innovation Management (TIM)


Building: 3011

Kackertstraße 7, 1st Floor

52072 Aachen



Wim Naudé is affiliated with TIME at RWTH Aachen as Visiting Professor of Technology, Entrepreneurship and Development. He is a Research Fellow at the IZA Institute of Labor Economics in Bonn and a Research Affiliate of the International Security and Development Centre in Berlin. Furthermore, Wim is a Fellow of the tAfrica Study Centre at the University of Leiden, the Netherlands, and a Fellow of the Global Labor Organization. His research is broadly concerned with the role of entrepreneurship, innovation and technology in industrialization and economic change.

Currently he is working on three interrelated topics: the impacts of artificial intelligence on business, innovation, economic growth and security; the decline in business dynamism in the West; and the consequences of the 4th Industrial Revolution for inclusive development, including for catch-up growth in Africa.

He is the author of more than 50 scientific articles and have edited four volumes for Oxford University Press on entrepreneurship, industrialization, and structural change. His most cited work is a chapter on entrepreneurship and development in the Oxford Handbook of International Development (which contains a foreword by Amartya Sen) and an article on entrepreneurship and human development in a special issue of the Journal of Public Economics edited by Thomas Piketty. He has contributed to the work of virtually all global development organizations, most recently to the World Trade Organization’s World Trade Report on Digitization and Trade.

A graduate of the University of Warwick, his previous appointment includes being Extraordinary Professor at Maastricht University; Senior Research Fellow at the United Nations University (UNU-WIDER) in Helsinki, Finland; Lecturer and Research Officer at the University of Oxford, UK; and Professor in Economics at North-West University, South Africa, where he also served as a council member of Statistics South Africa nominated by the country’s Minister of Finance. He has also been visiting professor at Saïd Business School, University of Oxford, and visiting faculty at Brown University’s International Advanced Research Institutes (BIARI).

Research interests

  • Technology, data, and the grand global challenges: climate, inclusivity, security, transitions.
  • Artificial intelligence, digital business models and data-driven entrepreneurship.
  • The decline in business dynamism in the West.
  • Industrialization and the consequences of the 4IR for Africa.

Selected Recent Publications

  1. Artificial Intelligence: Neither Utopian nor Apocalyptic Impacts Soon, Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 2020, 30 (1), forthcoming at
  2. Intelligente Eindämmungsstrategien gegen COVID-19: Die Rolle von KI und großen Daten, Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, 2020, May,
  3. Artificial Intelligence vs COVID-19: Limitations, Constraints and Pitfalls, AI & Society, 2020, 35 (3): 761-765.
  4. The Race for an Artificial General Intelligence: Implications for Public Policy, AI & Society, 2020, 35 (2),
  5. Reorienting Entrepreneurial Support Infrastructure to Tackle a Social Crisis: A Rapid Response, Journal of Business Venturing Insights, 2020, vol 14, Nov,
  6. Refugee Entrepreneurship: Context and Directions for Future Research, Small Business Economics, 2020, March,
  7. How do Role Conflict Intensity and Coping Strategies affect the Success of Women Entrepreneurs in Africa? Evidence from Ethiopia, Journal of Small Business Management, 2020, https://10.1080/00472778.2020.1756121
  8. Brilliant Technologies and Brave Entrepreneurs: A New Narrative for Africa Manufacturing, Journal of International Affairs, 2019, 72 (1): 143-158. https://doi:10.2307/26588350
  9. Hessels, J. and Naudé, W. (2019). The Intersection of the Fields of Entrepreneurship and Development Economics: A Review Towards a New View, Journal of Economic Surveys, 33(2): 389-403.
  10. Ready for Industry 4.0? The Case of Central and Eastern Europe, In: Dastbaz, M. and Cochrane, P. (eds), Industry 4.0 and Engineering for the Future, Springer, Heidelberg, Chapter 9.
  11. Naudé, W. and Nagler, P. (2018). Technological Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Productivity in Germany, 1871-2015, SPRU Working Paper Series 2018-02, SPRU-Science Policy Research Unit, University of Sussex Business School.
  12. Migration, Entrepreneurship and Development: Critical Questions, IZA Journal of Migration, 2017, 6:5,
  13. Non-Farm Enterprises in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa: New Empirical Evidence, Food Policy, 2017, 67: 175-19,
  14. Spatial Proximity and Firm Performance: Evidence from Non-Farm Rural Enterprises in Ethiopia and Nigeria, Regional Studies, 2016, 51(5): 688-700, https://10.1080/00343404.2015.1131896
  15. The Entrepreneurship Beveridge Curve, International Journal of Economic Theory, 2016, 12(1): 151- 165,
  16. Public-Private Entanglement:Entrepreneurship in Lebanon's Hybrid Political Order, Journal of Development Studies, 2016, 52 (2): 254-268,
  17. Inclusive Industrialization and Entrepreneurship, Development, 2015, 58 (4): 500-510,
  18. Playing the Lottery or Dressing Up? A Model of Firm-Level Heterogeneity and the Decision to Export, Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, 2015, 58 : 1-17,
  19. `Surfeiting, the Appetite May Sicken': Entrepreneurship and Happiness, Small Business Economics Journal, 2014, 42 (1): 523-540,
  20. Business under Fire: Entrepreneurship and Violent Conflict in Developing Countries, Journal of Conflict Resolution, 2013, February Vol. 57: 3-19,
  21. Entrepreneurship and Human Development: A Capability Approach, Journal of Public Economics, 2011, 95 (3): 216-224,
  22. Entrepreneurship is not a Binding Constraint on Growth and Development in the Poorest Countries, World Development, 2011, 39 (1): 33-44,
  23. The Impact of Transport Costs on New Venture Internationalization, Journal of International Entrepreneurship, 2011, 9:62-89,
  24. Entrepreneurship, Structural Change and a Global Economic Crisis, Entrepreneurship Research Journal, 2011, volume 1, issue 3, article 4,
  25. Climate Change and Industrial Policy, Sustainability, 2011, 3 (7): 1003-1021,
  26. Export Diversication and Economic Performance: Evidence from Brazil, China, India and South Africa, Economic Change and Restructuring, 2011, 44: 99-134,
  27. Export Specialization and Local Economic Growth, The World Economy, 2010, 33 (4): 552-572,
  28. What do We Know About the Patterns and Determinants of Female Entrepreneurship Across Countries? The European Journal of Development Research, 2010, 22 (3): 277-293,
  29. Entrepreneurship, Developing Countries and Development Economics: New Approaches and Insights, Small Business Economics Journal, 2010, 34 (1): 1-12.
  30. Entrepreneurship and Structural Economic Transformation, Small Business Economics Journal, 2010, 34 (1): 13-29,